Soap making

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Soap making

Postby Tassie Mike » 01 Jun 2011 19:42

Does anyone have soap making information? I am looking for some resource for poor rural communities, I have some info on handwashing alternatives but am specificly looking at soapmaking for rural aand camp situations in Afghanistan. What a great site to find, some fantastic resources here, I hope I can be of assistance with some contributions. Cheers Mike
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Re: Soap making

Postby JKMakowka » 02 Jun 2011 04:34

http://candleandsoap.about.com/od/coldp ... cpsoap.htm

http://www.fragrancex.com/Fragrance-Inf ... aking.html
(this one is probably more appropriate, for "soft water" use harvested rain water)
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Re: Soap making

Postby HappyPlumber » 02 Jun 2011 07:40

Hi Tassie Mike

Some good references from JKM above, and here are a couple more old-school soap making recipes from my hard drive. I did have a go at making soap once, it's a little trickier than it looks. Have fun!

Soap.jpg

How to Make Soap (MEN).pdf
(729.1 KiB) Downloaded 552 times

Technical Brief - Soap Making (WEDC).pdf
(589.25 KiB) Downloaded 569 times
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Re: Soap making

Postby JKMakowka » 02 Jun 2011 09:30

Great docs HP!

Just a though in addition... seems to me the main problem is the lye solution which is not so easy to make without chemicals or hard-wood ash (which will be not available in rural Afghanistan for sure).

Cement is quite alkaline, so maybe there is some way to use it to make lye (in another thread on this board someone was making a porous concrete filter and one of the problems was that the filtered water became quite alkaline).

Another option (more high tech, but with other benefits) would be to take one of those electric salt separators (I think there are even some solar powered ones now) which produce chlorine solution (for treating drinking water) and as a by product NaOH (which is sodium lye solution) out of water, electricity and table salt (NaCl).

Actually that would be a pretty neat thing to produce the two most important WASH consumables (soap and chlorine) in one go :)
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Re: Soap making

Postby Tassie Mike » 11 Jun 2011 20:48

Thanks for the great replies, I will give these a try and lets hope it turns out better than my cooking!
Much appeciated.

Tassie Mike
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Re: Soap making

Postby tempowski » 30 Jun 2011 16:06

Re encouraging people to make their own soap - this usually involves the use of caustic soda which is a serious hazard for young children. In Liberia, for example, between 2004 and 2007 82 young children were admitted to a referral hospital in Monrovia with severe oesophageal burns and narrowing of the oesophagus because of scarring after swallowing caustic soda that was being used in their homes to make soap. When providing training to people on how to make soap it is very important to emphasise the dangers of caustic soda and the need to keep it out of the reach of young children.
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Re: Soap making

Postby trishincyberspace » 03 Mar 2013 17:36

According to this website: http://www.bioline.org.br/request?ja02016 soap-making lye does not have to be made from hardwood ash but can be made from maize cob ash or ash made from plaintain peels. (I have not tried this, I just read about it on the web). What type of fuel is burnt to produce cooking ash in Afghanistan?
There is an interesting discussion on another website http://www.homesteadingtoday.com/countr ... g-lye.html they raise the possibility of using limestone and baking soda to make lye. There are naturally occurring deposits of natron (sodium carbonate decahydrate) in Chad, if you have such resources in your country perhaps they could be useful either for soapmaking or as a substitute for cleaning.
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